The emphasis Apple have put on the new iPhone 12 phones was very much 5G.
5G is available in the U.K. but not everywhere yet. If you plan on buying a 5G phone either an Apple or another manufacturer’s phone you are advised to do the following:
Check online to see where it is available with your chosen provider – EE, O2, Vodafone or Three.
Check when it is likely to be available where you live if it is not already available.
I live in Devon and it is certainly not available there yet.
So if you are in the market for a new mobile, you need to decide it 5G is on for you or decide whether to wait for another year to see if it is more established. It will likely take a year or two to become as plentiful as 4G is. If you live in a rural area it may not become available at all. If you decide to wait the iPhone 11 models will suit you as they are now cheaper than before due to the arrival of the iPhone 12. Having said that, the 12’s do have some improvements and they will be future proofed when 5G does come your way.
5G will eventually replace WiFi as it is extremely fast.
For your information the main Virtual Mobile Networks that piggyback on the 4 major networks are as follows:
ASDA Mobile uses the EE network BT Mobile uses EE giffgaff uses O2 Plusnet Mobile uses EE Sky Mobile uses O2 TalkTalk Mobile uses O2 Tesco Mobile uses O2 The Phone Coop uses EE Virgin Mobile uses EE Network Rail uses all the networks – EE, O2, Vodafone and Three.
EE is owned by BT as is Plusnet O2 and giffgaff are owned by Telefonica of Spain
The U.S. Presidential Election occurs on November 3, 2020.
Due to the Pandemic, it is quite likely that there will be a huge number of postal votes. These votes must bear the signature of the person voting otherwise the ballot could be discounted.
This election could create huge problems with lawyers challenging votes and people taking to the streets to support their candidate.
Trump has already said if he trails in the vote he will say it is a fix and will challenge. In other words unless Biden wins by a large amount of votes and gets enough Electoral College votes, Trump will not accept the results. The Electoral College has the votes by States equal to that States’ number of Congressmen plus its two Senators. Thus California has 55 votes whereas Montana has just three votes.
If neither candidate gets enough Electoral College votes to win (270 needed), the Constitution requires the House of Representatives to select the President and the Senate the Vice President.
Under the Constitution, each STATE delegation in the House gets 1 vote. If States with an equal distribution of Democrats and Republicans, Biden and Trump may not succeed in getting the 26 votes required. The House becomes deadlocked.
The Senate can choose the Vice President by simple majority vote which has a Republican majority.
If the House is deadlocked when Trump’s term expires on January 20, the line of succession kicks in and either Pence or Harris become President. With this Senate that would be Pence.
THIS IS WHY IT IS SO IMPORTANT THAT EVERYONE VOTES EARLY AND REMEMBERS TO SIGN THEIR POSTAL VOTES SO THEY ARE NOT CHALLENGED.
We know already that Putin wants his puppet Trump re-elected and the Russians will do what they can to mess things up.
A study of young Americans has shown some terrifying results about the Holocaust.
23% says it’s a myth or exaggerated
10% don’t think it happened
12% had never heard of it
11% think the Jews were responsible
63% are unaware that 6 million Jews perished
Adults between 18 and 39 (48%) could not name a single concentration camp or ghetto in the second world war.
These facts are astonishing and very disturbing.
On the 16th October 2019, I visited Auschwitz-Birkenau in Oświęcim near Krakow, Poland. It is a place that will haunt me for the rest of my life.
On the 12th October 2019 I was in Berlin and visited the part of Berlin called Wanssee and the house where the Final Solution was planned by a group of highly educated men
The highly educated men were Reinhard Heydrich, Otto Hofmann, Heinrich Müller, Adolf Eichmann, Martin Luther, Erich Neumann, Wilhelm Kritzinger and Drs. Roland Freisler, Josf Bühler, Alfred Meyer, Wilhelm Stuckart, Rudolf Lange, Eberhard Schöngarth, Georg Leibbrandt, Gerhard Klopfer.
It is truly alarming this ignorance as the right wing in several countries are on the rise so could genocide once again be inflicted on the human race?
In February I moved to The Philippines to marry my sweetheart but it didn’t work out so I have returned to the U.K.
I have come back to a Government that is so totally incompetent and quite alarming. The U.K. has the worst Covid-19 infections in Europe due to this incompetence.
Even more alarming is that the Brexit Trade negotiations are going nowhere and the latest event is that the Government is introducing a piece of legislation that will break International Law and is quite open about this fact. The Prime Minister, a quack called Boris Johnson, led by an adviser Dominic Cummings who is intrinsically evil, is so disorganised in his thinking that he is way out of his depth. Johnson is a Trump clone with sociopathic tendencies who is out for just himself. He has surrounded himself with Cabinet members who are out of their depth as well.
The Conservative Party has brought this situation to the present mess. First David Cameron called a Referendum on our membership of the European Union and lost it. He called it to try and unite the factious party. Instead he has divided the nation into two camps. He resigned and was succeeded by Theresa May who was worse still. She would say memes like Brexit is Brexit which had no meaning at all. She was intransigent in her dealing with the E.U. and failed. She even called a General Election to attempt to get a bigger majority and only succeeded in reducing her majority to single digits.
So she resigned and the party chose Boris Johnson as its leader. He is a chancer, a father of many children whom I fully expect he cannot name and a man of no firm conviction. As a journalist for the Daily Telegraph he wrote two columns – one pro-EU (Remain) and one anti-EU (Leave). He decided that being a Leaver would get him the top job so that is the way he jumped. He called an election and won in a landslide due mainly to the fact that the Labour Party was led by a man (Jeremy Corbin) incapable of leading his party let alone the country. He was far left and seemed to be anti-semitic to boot as the party fell in the polls. He has now been replaced by Keir Starmer, a more centrist man.
So the situation in the United Kingdom is that it is far from United. Scotland is led by the Scottish Nationalist Party which wants to remain in the EU and leave the Union. Wales may go the same way. The biggest problem is Northern Ireland which shares the island it is on with the Republic of Ireland, an EU member state. There is an unmanned border between the two as long as the UK is a member of the EU but once it is out trade becomes problematic. This is the major factor between the EU and the UK on trade. To complicate matters even further the new bill, mentioned above, could scupper the Good Friday Agreement, the Peace Treaty that united the Loyalists and the Republicans. The real issue is that the UK has no right to be on the island of Ireland and the sooner Northern Ireland becomes part of the Republic the better. That would leave England on its own.
The problem with Conservatives is that they live in the past admiring British history and are bad at dealing with the present. Who wants to return to the 1950s? It is a racist party preferring English speaking Australia and America to foreign speaking European countries that share our values.
Remember the UK chose to leave the EU and not the other way around and yet the UK expects the EU to give it the same terms it had as an EU member.
Sun 30 Aug 2020 07.02 BSTLast modified on Mon 31 Aug 2020 09.05 BST
Mohammad Hallak found the key to unlock the mysteries of his new homeland when he realised you could switch the subtitles on your Netflix account to German. The 21-year-old Syrian from Aleppo jotted down words he didn’t know, increased his vocabulary and quickly became fluent. Last year, he passed his end of high school exams with a grade of 1.5, the top mark in his year group.
Five years to the month after arriving in Germany as an unaccompanied minor, Hallak is now in his third term studying computer science at the Westphalian University of Applied Sciences and harbours an aspiration to become an IT entrepreneur. “Germany was always my goal”, he says, in the mumbled sing-song of the Ruhr valley dialect. “I’ve always had a funny feeling that I belong here.”
Hallak, an exceptionally motivated student with high social aptitude, is not representative of all the 1.7 million people who applied for asylum in Germany between 2015 and 2019, making it the country with the fifth highest population of refugees in the world. Some of those with whom he trekked through Turkey and across the Mediterranean, he says, haven’t picked up more than a few words and “just chill”.
But Hallak is not a complete outlier either. More than 10,000 people who arrived in Germany as refugees since 2015 have mastered the language sufficiently to enrol at a German university. More than half of those who came are in work and pay taxes. Among refugee children and teenagers, more than 80% say they have a strong sense of belonging to their German schools and feel liked by their peers.
Success stories like Hallak’s partially redeem the optimism expressed by Angela Merkel in a sentence she spoke five years ago this week, at the peak of one of the most tumultuous years in recent European history – a sentence that nearly cost her her job and that she herself has partially retreated from.
“I put it simply, Germany is a strong country,” the German chancellor told the media at a press conference in central Berlin on 31 August 2015, trying to address concerns about the steeply rising number of people – mostly from Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan – applying for asylum in Germany that summer.
“The motive with which we approach these matters must be: we have already managed so much, we’ll manage this.” During the German TV broadcast of her interview, headlines flashed up to report that Hungary was sending trainloads of people to the German border, 20,000 of whom turned up at Munich central station the following week alone.
The German phrase Merkel used, Wir schaffen das, became so memorable mainly because it would in the weeks and months that followed be endlessly quoted back at her by those who believed that the German chancellor’s optimistic message had encouraged millions more migrants to embark on a dangerous odyssey across the Med. “Merkel’s actions, now, will be hard to correct: her words cannot be unsaid,” wrote the Spectator. “She has exacerbated a problem that will be with us for years, perhaps decades.”
The Alternative für Deutschland party, founded two years previously on a more narrowly anti-euro ticket, discovered a new populist stride: when Merkel said “We will manage”, the rightwing party claimed, she really meant “You will manage”, asking the German public to cope with rising levels of crime, terrorism and public disorder.
“We don’t want to manage this!” the AfD politician Alexander Gauland proclaimed at a party rally in October 2015. Over the coming months and years – in the wake of the New Year’s Eve sexual assaults in Cologne, the Bataclan terror attack in Paris and the truck rampage on Berlin’s Breitscheidtplatz Christmas market – that sentiment seemed to gain traction with a growing part of the German population, even when the crimes were not carried out by people who had arrived in 2015.
By 2017, there was a prevalent view that Wir schaffen das would be Merkel’s undoing, a “catastrophic mistake” as Donald Trump said in January that year. “The worst decision a European leader has made in modern times,” Nigel Farage told Fox News. “She’s finished.”
Yet today Merkel still sits at the top of Europe’s largest economy, her personal approval ratings back to where they were at the start of 2015 and the polling of her party, the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), buoyed to record levels by the global pandemic. When Merkel steps down ahead of federal elections in 2021, as is expected, her party’s successor currently looks more likely to be a centrist in her mould than a hardliner promising a symbolic break with her stance on immigration.
The question is what could she have done differently? You can’t seal a wide-open border with rhetoric and a few guardsGerald Knaus, migration expert
The AfD, meanwhile, never reached the point “when it will be the country’s second-largest party”, as historian Niall Fergusonpredicted in February 2018. The party has established a steady presence in local parliaments across Germany, especially in the states of the formerly socialist east. But at federal level the AfD has dropped to fourth in the polls, down from its third place and 12.6% at elections in 2017, and has been stricken with infighting since immigration has dropped off the top of the political agenda.
The spectre of jihadist terrorism, which some feared the refugee crisis would usher into the heart of central Europe, has faded from view in recent years. After a spate of seven attacks with an Islamist motive in Germany in 2016, culminating with a truck driven into a Berlin Christmas market that December, the country has seen no further attacks for the last three years.
Peter Neumann, a terrorism expert at King’s College London’s Department of War Studies, recalls being invited onto a German TV programme at the height of the crisis in 2015. “I gave my optimistic best back then, but deep down I was worried,” he says. “Will this work out? With nearly a million people about whom we know so little? In the end, those fears were misplaced.
The events of the summer of 2015 did evidently mobilise and further radicalise Germany’s rightwing extremist circles, who targeted asylum shelters with arson attacks or assassinated politicians with pro-immigration views, such as the CDU’s Walter Lübcke. No other country in Europe saw as much severe and fatal rightwing violence in 2019 as Germany.
Germany’s Federal Office of Criminal Investigations records a rise of criminal offences, including violent crime, in the years between 2014 and 2016, linking the trend to the influx of migration. The percentage of asylum seekers found guilty of such crimes also doubled in the same period. However, the majority of these offences were within the refugee shelters where new arrivals were initially housed. By 2017, when Trump claimed that “crime in Germany is way up” because it had taken in “all of those illegals”, the number of overall recorded crimes was decreasing. Last year, crime in Germany sank to an 18-year low.
What about the organised crime on Europe’s borders, where human traffickers prey on those willing to risk it all in the hope of a better life? In a 2017 book on reforming asylum policy, British economist Paul Collier argued that “while the industry was already well-established in the Mediterranean, the massive rise in demand triggered by the invitation from Germany further increased demand for smuggling by criminal syndicates.”
Gerald Knaus, chairman of the European Stability Initiative, a thinktank that advises EU member-states on migration policy, disagrees vehemently: “The thesis that Merkel created the refugee crisis was absurd in 2015, and it’s even more absurd in retrospect,” he says.
Empirical studies have failed to find data proving that Merkel’s Wir schaffen das significantly intensified the movement of refugees into Europe, although it is likely that the attention drawn towards Germany’s liberal stance on asylum influenced the decisions of those who were already in Europe at the time.
“The question is: what could she have done differently?” says Knaus. “Reintroduce borders and try what France did after the Bataclan attacks in November 2015, sending all irregular migrants back to Italy? That proved futile: France received twice as many asylum applications in 2019 as in 2015. You can’t seal a wide-open border with rhetoric and a few more border guards, while brutality was fortunately ruled out in Germany.”
Germany’s stance in 2015 did prove too optimistic in the sense that Merkel’s government seemed to believe that the tumultuous events of that summer would lead to a quick reform of the Dublin Regulation, the mechanism that determines which state is responsible for examining an asylum application. Knaus says: “The Germans thought everyone would sign up to a quota system because it was ‘fair’, but they couldn’t explain how this would work in practice.”Advertisement
Instead, Merkel’s government took unilateral steps to slow down the rate of new arrivals to a trickle. An agreement between Turkey and the EU to stop irregular migration and replace it with a resettlement scheme, developed by Knaus’s thinktank, drastically stemmed the flow of migrants to Europe in 2016. Merkel’s government later tried to limit asylum applications from north Africa by adding Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia to its list of countries considered safe, though the proposal was later rejected by the upper chamber of Germany’s parliament.
In March this year, Germany launched a social media campaign to deter Syrian refugees from embarking on a journey to central Europe, and Merkel’s “grand coalition” with the centre-left Social Democratic party voted against taking in even just 5,000 vulnerable refugees stranded in Greek camps.
Merkel never recanted her words of August 2015, as many even in her own party insisted she should. But she did ensure a situation like the one that followed won’t be repeated on German soil during her tenure.
On a sweltering afternoon in Berlin’s suburban south, preparations are afoot for the annual summer fete at the Marienfelde transit centre, a sprawling concrete camp that used to be the first port of call for many East Germans who fled to the west during the cold war, and now houses asylum seekers from around the world. While volunteers erect socially distanced benches and hang up garlands in the courtyard, a group of men and women from Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq have gathered inside to meet the Berlin senate’s integration officer, to ask for advice and air grievances.
A 44-year-old Syrian is concerned that he might fail next month’s language exam, even though he will need a pass in order to start working. German classes have been cancelled because of the pandemic, and the wireless signal inside the camp is too weak for online learning. “Berlin, on our doorstep, that is Europe,” says the man, who doesn’t want to give his name for fear of getting into trouble with the Syrian embassy. “But this shelter is like a little Syria: everyone speaks Arabic.”
Germany was not the destination of choice for the father of three, who arrived in the country via the resettlement programme of the United Nations’ refugee agency, the UNHCR, in 2018. He is grateful that Merkel’s government took him in, but the wait for a work permit is starting to exasperate him. Before Berlin, he worked for six years as a pastry chef in Izmit, Turkey, but German bakers won’t accept his qualifications – he would need to do another two-year apprenticeship first. “It’s very frustrating.”
The integration officer assures him she empathises with his plight: Katarina Niewiedzial, who has been in the post since 2019, was once a migrant herself, having arrived in Germany from Poland as a 12-year-old. She knows from personal experience the areas of public life where Germany is ill-equipped for the task of integrating newcomers.
German employers are often still reluctant to recognise foreign qualifications. If migrants lack the certificates to prove they are qualified enough to do a job, they can apply to prove their skills in an interview, but they need fluent German to do so – a bigger challenge for adults in their 40s than teenagers like Hallak. Last year, the German Chamber of Commerce only carried out 80 such “qualification analysis” processes in the whole of Germany.
Often refugees end up in jobs they are overqualified for, such as catering, which in turn are more precarious and have cut staff during the pandemic: in May this year, the number of unemployed Berliners without a German passport was up by 40% compared to the same period in 2019.
Many experts think that the integration classes that have been mandatory for refugees in Germany since 2005 are no longer fit for purpose, holding back those with academic qualifications while failing to offer real help for those who arrive without being able to read or write. The percentage of those failing the all-important B1 language test has risen rather than fallen over the last five years. And yet, Niewiedzial is optimistic. “Germany can be a very sluggish country, full of tiresome bureaucracy,” she says. “But it’s also able to learn from its mistakes and draw consequences from them.”
Since 2015, she says, the state had massively expanded its asylum authority, created thousands of posts to coordinate volunteers, turned shelters into permanent homes and trained specialist teachers. Germany has managed. “It’s a success story, even if no one quite has the confidence to say that yet.”
27 August 2015 71 migrants are found dead inside a refrigerated lorry abandoned in Austria. The discovery sparks international revulsion, and contributes to the decisions of several countries to open their borders to people fleeing war and poverty.
31 August 2015 Angela Merkel, the German chancellor, says Wir schaffen das – We’ll manage this – after visiting a camp for newly arrived refugees. Soon after she announces an open-door policy; in the year that follows over a million people claim asylum in Germany.
13 November 2015 The Bataclan attack in Paris is the first of a series of deadly attacks by Isis-affiliated extremists across Europe. In July 2016 a Syrian who declared his support for the group kills himself and injures 15 others with a homemade bomb at a music festival in the German town of Ansbach. The far right uses the attacks to argue against Merkel’s refugee policies.
March 2016 The EU strikes a deal with Turkey to return all refugees and migrants who reach Europe across the Aegean sea. This dramatically reduces the number of people arriving in Germany and other European countries to claim asylum.
19 September 2016 Merkel’s CDU party suffers a slump in support to just 18% in Berlin state elections, while anti-immigration populists Alternative für Deutschland (AfD) enters the German capital’s state parliament for the first time. Mayor Michael Müller warns that the level of support it won “would be seen around the world as a sign of the return of the rightwing and the Nazis in Germany”.
19 December 2016 A Tunisian whose asylum application had been turned down rams a truck into a crowded Christmas market in Berlin, killing 12 people and wounding 70. Isis claims it inspired the attack.
24 September 2017 The populist radical-right AfD party enters the Bundestag, the German parliament, as the third biggest party. After Merkel forms a coalition with the Social Democrats, it becomes the largest opposition party.
October 2018 After crushing defeats in local elections, Merkel says she will step down as CDU leader almost immediately, and will not contest the 2021 elections, making her fourth term as Germany’s chancellor her last.
2020 Merkel’s effective handling of the coronavirus crisis helps restore her popularity, particularly as the US and UK stumble. One poll finds over 80% of Germans think she is doing her job “rather well”.
• This article was amended on 31 August 2020. An earlier version said that Germany had the second highest population of refugees in the world; this was corrected to fifth highest population. It also said the German government had added Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia to its list of countries considered safe; in fact this proposal was later rejected by the Bundesrat.
Who will give Europe leadership when Merkel is gone?
10.0 Cheetah 24 March 2001 needed 64MB RAM but preferred 128 MB. Needed 800MB of disk space.
10.1 Puma 25 September 2001 Faster than Cheetah
10.2 Jaguar 23 August 2002 Introduced Universal Access, MPEG-4 video in QuickTime, Rendevous later named Bonjour
10.3 Panther 24 October 2003 Went from candy bar look to metal look. Introduced Exposé window management, FileVault, iChat, Safari. Cost $129
10.4 Tiger 29 April 2005 Introduced Spotlight, Dictionary, Automator, VoiceOver, QuickTime 7, Xcode 2.0. First OS to run on Intel processors.
10.5 Leopard 26 October 26 October 2007 Last version to work on Power PC. Introduced Boot Camp, Back to My Mac, Time Machine, iCal, Stacks, Quick Look, Spaces.
10.6 Snow Leopard 8 June 2009 Cost $29 Accepted 64 bit Apps. Introduced Mac App Store.
10.7 Lion 20 July 2011 Free. Introduced natural scrolling, trackpad gestures, Mission Control, LaunchPad, AirDrop, AutoSave. iDVD and iWeb dropped.
10.8 Mountain Lion 25 July 2012 Introduced Notes, Reminders, Messages replaced iChat, Notification Center. Integrated iCloud and Game Center. Let of the Big Cats.
10.9 Mavericks 22 October 2013 Redesigned the Dock, Contacts, Notes. Introduced iBooks, Maps, iCloud syncing. First to use California place names.
10.10 Yosemite 16 October 2014 Phone calls on iPhone could be answered on Mac. Personal Hotspot introduced.
10.11 El Capitan 30 September 2015 Introduced Split Screen. iPhoto and Aperture replaced by Photos
10.12 Sierra 20 September 2016 OS X renamed to macOS. Introduced Siri, Universal Clipboard, Apple File System (APFS) for SSDs, Unlock Mac with Apple Watch, Apple Pay in Safari.
10.13 High Sierra 25 September 2017 Improved Photos app. First OS on APFS. Metal 2G, High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC).
10.14 Mojave 24 September 2018 Introduced Dark Mode, Voice Memos, Stocks, News, Home, Continuity Camera, Group FaceTime. Last OS to run 32 bit apps.
10.15 Catalina 7 October 2019 Could no longer run 32 bit apps. Last version of MacOS 10. Sidecar introduced. iTunes discontinued. Replaced by Music, Podcasts and TV. Introduced Mac Catalyst to bring iOS and iPadOS apps to Mac. Back to My Mac, Dashboard dropped.
11.0 Big Sur macOS 11 in beta. New look OS. Runs on Intel processors and on Apple Silicon processors soon to be released. Will run iOS apps. New Messages and Safari. Changes to Mac App Store., Music.
One of the biggest things I cannot understand is how Evangelical Christians in the U.S. can support such an un-Christian person as Donald Trump. He preaches hate against blacks, LGBTQ people, Mexicans, other Latinos, people who support Democrat politicians etc.
Trump has no empathy, is woefully uneducated and has divided American society more than any individual before. His admiration for Putin, Kim Jong Un and other despots shows how perverted he is. His disregard for the United States Constitution knows no bounds.
In the U.K. the Cabinet of Johnson is woefully ridiculous. His personal advisor, Dominic Cummings, spent three years in Russia so one could well ask if he is working for Putin and doing his bidding. Cummings is seen as the real Head of Government as Johnson only is interested in those who support him rather than the best people for jobs. An example is Dido Harding who was Chief Executive of an ISP that had its user’s data stolen; then was made in charge of Track and Trace on he Covid-19 pandemic and failed completely. As a reward for these two huge failures, she was appointed as Interim Chair of the new National Health for Health Protection despite having never worked in Health before. Johnson loves incompetents as when he tried to get ex-Cabinet member, Chris Grayling appointed to the Chair of the Commons Intelligence and Security Committee to prevent the Report on Russian Interference in the Brexit Referendum. He failed to get that appointment when a Tory MP voted with Labour members to decline the appointment. He served as Transport Secretary, Justice Secretary and Leader of the House and was a disaster in all these positions which is generally accepted by all. As long as they support Johnson they get appointed and one wonders if Cummings suggests these incompetents to ruin the U.K. to the benefit of Russia.
Russia’s most prominent opposition leader was reported to be in “serious condition” in intensive care in a Siberian hospital. His spokeswoman said he might have been poisoned while taking a flight to Moscow.
Aleksei A. Navalny, Russia’s most prominent opposition leader, was in intensive care and unconscious in a Siberian hospital on Thursday after suffering symptoms of what his spokeswoman called poisoning.
A plane carrying Mr. Navalny, 44, who was returning to Moscow, made an emergency landing in Omsk after he started feeling unwell, the spokeswoman, Kira Yarmysh, said on Twitter.
“We assume that Alexei was poisoned with something mixed with his tea,” Ms. Yarmysh wrote. “That’s the only thing he drank this morning.”
The head doctor at the hospital in Omsk, Alexander Murakhovsky, said Mr. Navalny was in “serious condition,” according to the Russian news agency Tass. No further details were released, and the government had no immediate comment on Mr. Navalny’s condition.
Last year, he was hospitalized with a “severe allergic reaction” in jail, which his doctor at the time suggested could be the result of a poisoning, after he was detained for leading an unauthorized election protest.
He had been arrested and sentenced to 30 days in jail for calling a rally to protest a decision by the election authorities to bar several opposition candidates from running for Moscow’s City Council.
Mr. Navalny, a lawyer, anticorruption activist and vocal critic of President Vladimir V. Putin, was doused with a bright green liquidin the Siberian city of Barnaul in 2017 by an unknown assailant who had pretended to shake his hand.
He said that a doctor had told him he had lost 80 percent of the sight in one eye after suffering a chemical burn from the green liquid.
While there was no independent confirmation that Mr. Navalny had been poisoned before falling ill on Thursday, the Russian security services have been suspected of targeting a number of dissidents and others, including Sergei V. Skripal, a former Russian double agent who was poisoned in England in 2018.
I am reading a book called Putin’s People by Catherine Belton who was the Moscow Correspondent for the Financial Times from 2007-2013.
The book shows how criminal Putin and his cronies are and it all started in St. Petersburg where Putin was Deputy Mayor. It is a fascinating read.
This is a man who is admired by Trump and Johnson and tells you a lot about them both.